“CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity Regulations in the BRICS Countries” Full eBook

CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity Regulations in the BRICS Countries

This book stems from the CyberBRICS project, which is the first initiative to develop a comparative analysis of the digital policies and regulations of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries. Given the complexity of digital policies in general and cybersecurity in particular – not to mention the specificities of BRICS countries … Read more

Download the exclusive preview of “CyberBRICS: Mapping Cybersecurity frameworks in the BRICS”

CyberBRICS: Mapping cybersecurity frameworks in the BRICS Book

CyberBRICS: Mapping Cybersecuity Frameworks in the BRICS This book stems from the CyberBRICS project, which is the first initiative to develop a comparative analysis of the digital policies developed by BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries. BRICS have been chosen as a focus not only because their digital policies are affecting more … Read more

5G e IoT: BRICS precisam de cooperação em cibersegurança

Por Luca Belli, Coordenador do Projeto CyberBRICS Texto publicado originalmente no dia 9 de setembro, 2019 no portal Convergência Digital. Os ministros da ciência, tecnologia e telecomunicações do BRICS acabam de destacar, numa Declaração conjunta, o interesse estratégico e o caráter prioritário de parcerias sobre as novas infraestruturas digitais, as tecnologias 5G, a Internet das Coisas … Read more

[Event] 5G and New Digital Infrastructures in the BRICS

The Rio de Janeiro Law School of Fundação Getulio Vargas (DIREITO RIO) and CyberBRICS project invite to the event 5G and New Digital Infrastructures in the BRICS. The meeting brings together members of the government and business sectors, researchers and experts to discuss key challenges and opportunities for the implementation of digital infrastructures, as well … Read more

This privacy law needs public debate

By Amba Kak,​ lawyer and policy advisor at Mozilla, and CyberBRICS Associated Scholar. Associated Scholar This article was originally ​published​ in the print edition of the Times of India on July 30, 2019. The inaugural Parliament session of the government’s second term began with IT Minister RS Prasad proclaiming passing a data protection law as a … Read more

Rethinking the intermediary liability regime in India

By Torsha Sarkar, Policy Officer, Centre for Internet and Society, and CyberBRICS Associated Scholar The author would like to thank Elonnai Hickok and Arindrajit Basu for their feedback. Introduction In December 2018, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (“MeitY”) released the Intermediary Liability Guidelines (Amendment) Rules (“the Guidelines”), which would be significantly altering the … Read more

What is the problem with ‘Ethical AI’? An Indian Perspective

By Arindrajit Basu & Pranav MB, lawyers and researchers at the Centre for Internet & Society (CIS) and CyberBRICS Associated Scholars On 22 May 2019, the OECD member countries adopted the OECD Council Recommendation on Artificial Intelligence. The Principles, meant to provide an “ethical framework” for governing Artificial Intelligence (AI), were the first set of … Read more

4IR in SA is too important to remain the domain of the elite

By Alison Gillwald (PhD), Executive Director, Research ICT Africa, CyberBRICS Board Member & Adjunct Professor at the Nelson Mandela School of Public Governance This opinion piece was first published on on Business Day Live on the 4th of July 2019. Since Klaus Schwab of the World Economic Forum’s announcement in 2016 of the impending Fourth Industrial … Read more

In South Africa, Privacy and POPI are stress-tested by CCTV and elections

In South Africa, Privacy and POPI are stress-tested by CCTV and elections

By Sagwadi Mabunda, Frej Thorgren & Jonatan Jakobsson As the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) celebrates its first anniversary, it is fitting to consider some issues concerning data protection and privacy. This post will consider privacy in the context of the South African Protection of Personal Information Act 4 of 2013 (POPI) and the issues … Read more

U.S. Ban on Huawei: Superpowers’ Insecurities and Nightmares

By Min Jiang (Ph.D.), Associate Professor of Communication, UNC Charlotte | CyberBRICS Fellow What is Huawei? Since 2018, Huawei, the Chinese tech giant, has been caught in the eye of the storm of U.S.-China trade war (Keane for CNet, 2019). Founded in 1987 by its current CEO Ren Zhengfei and headquartered in Shenzhen, China, Huawei, … Read more

Seminar CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity, data protection and the digital future of the BRICS

Seminar CyberBRICS

The Rio de Janeiro Law School of Fundação Getulio Vargas (DIREITO RIO) will host the Seminar CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity, data protection and the digital future of the BRICS. The event aims to provide answers to the challenges related to personal data regulation and cybersecurity governance by providing valuable insights into BRICS digital policies that can be … Read more

Smart cities, personal data and citizens’ rights in Brazil

By Danilo Doneda and Diego Machado (See portuguese version here) Among the various conceptual propositions of smart cities, it becomes increasingly clear that the city “smartness” is not limited to the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for data processing. Broadly speaking, the use of data technologies is the first aspect for the smartness … Read more

3D Printing and IP Futures: What did we learn from China, India and Russia?

By Angela Daly – Chinese University of Hong Kong Additive manufacturing, better known as ‘3D printing’, is an innovative manufacturing technique which involves the creation of three-dimensional objects using a variety of methods, based on a digital design file containing a 2D blueprint for the final object. In recent years, inexpensive 3D printers using plastics … Read more

Exploring the New Russian Measures against “Fake News” and Online Insults

By Dr. Andrey A. Shcherbovich (See russian version here) Two high-impact laws in the sphere of regulating relations on the Internet were signed by the President of Russia on March 18: the law on “Fake News” and the one on the Inadmissibility of Insulting Authorities Online. On March 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed amendments … Read more

An Instant Analysis of Chinese Electronic Commerce Law

By Prof. Dr. Hong Xue* In China’s New Normal Economy, the Internet and e-commerce are the newpowerhouse of economic development. A sound legal and regulatory environment is essential for sustainable development of e-commerce. On August 31, 2018, the National People’s Congress officially approved and enacted the Electronic Commerce Law of the People’s Republic of China … Read more

Unpacking policy moves for sovereign control of data in India

By Arindrajit Basu, Elonnai Hickok and Aditya Singh Chawla In a new White Paper, researchers from CyberBRICS partner CIS-India explore the issue of Data Sovereignty, mapping the current Indian policy measures for data localization and reflecting on the goals, challenges and implications of such measures. The CIS White Paper on “The Localisation Gambit: Unpacking policy … Read more

The Emerging Brazilian Data Protection Framework

By Daniel Oppermann According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics or IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística), about 70% of Brazilians (starting at the age of 10) are currently using the Internet at least once every three months. These 181 million individuals are not just communicating, working, studying trading and entertaining themselves … Read more

The Russian bill on Internet Sovereignty adopted by the State Duma in first reading

State Duma plenary session

By Dr. Andrey A. Shcherbovich (See russian version here) On 12 February 2019, the State Duma, the lower house of the Russian Federal Parliament, adopted in the first reading the draft bill on Internet “sovereignty” in Russia. 334 deputies voted in favor and 47 against the document. At the same time, representatives of the private … Read more

CyberBRICS: challenges and opportunities for data protection in the BRICS


BRICS are developing or enacting data protection frameworks that will soon affect almost 50% of the world’s population and almost 40% of existing Internet users, who live in the BRICS. This panel discussion analysed the advancements and challenges regarding the most recent privacy and data protection developments in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and … Read more

Digital Silk Road and its role in the China-Brazil Relation

This post provides a report of the webinar “Digital Silk Road as a promoter of closer people to people ties” that took place on October 22 as part of the 4th Seminar Brazil-China Dialogue. Sofia Chang, CyberBRICS researcher at CTS-FGV, moderated the session, joined by Fred Arruda (C.E.S.A.R. institute), Shen Yi (Fudan University), Lin Baihe (China Mobile International Brazil) and In Hsieh (Chinnovation).

Non-official Translation of the Brazilian Artificial Intelligence Bill, n. 21/2020

This is a non-official translation of the bill establishing foundations, principles and guidelines for AI in Brazil prepared by the CyberBRICS team. The original text in Portuguese, alongside more information on the bill and its processing in the Brazilian Congress, can be found at the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies’ website. The bill was approved in Congress and currently awaits a vote in the Senate.

4th Seminar Brazil-China Dialogue “Belt and Road & Brazil: Rules and Coordination”

From 18 to 22 October, Fundação Getulio Vargas’ Rio de Janeiro Law School will host its 4th Seminar Brazil-China Dialogue “Belt and Road & Brazil: Rules and Coordination”. The event will aim at deepening the discussions on the New Silk Road and mapping the relations between China and Brazil. The event will count with the participation … Read more

PrivacyNama 2021: CyberBRICS Panel on “Impact of privacy legislation on the openness of the Internet”

We are getting ready for the first edition of MediaNama’s flagship conference, PrivacyNama 2021. Split over two days, October 6 and 7, we have a stellar lineup of International and Indian speakers, including Data Protection Commissioners and Chief Privacy Officers.  We’ll focus on the following key themes related to privacy and global data governance issues: Privacy … Read more

The Role of Think Tanks in the Digital Era: The CyberBRICS Example

Below the transcripts of Prof Luca Belli’s intervention at the International High-level Think Tank Forum of the World Internet Conference, Wuzhen Summit. Good morning to all participants and organisers and many thanksfor having invited me to be a speaker at this important session of the World Internet Conference 2021. It is a great honour for … Read more

Cybersecurity Convergence in the BRICS Countries

By Luca Belli The thirteenth BRICS Summit took place on 9 September 2021 and cybersecurity featured prominently amongst the priorities identified by BRICS leaders.  The BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa – are explicitly advocating for enhanced cooperation on cybersecurity issues, both at the international and intra-BRICS level. The facility with which cooperation … Read more

WIC Wuzhen Summit: High-Level Think Tank Forum

The 2021 World Internet Conference Wuzhen Summit is scheduled to take place from 26 to 28, September 2021 in Wuzhen, Zhejiang province. Themed as “Towards a New Era of Digital Civilization – Building a Community with a Shared Future in Cyberspace,” the Wuzhen Summit will be held both online and offline this year. The International High-level … Read more

The Way the Cookie Crumbles: The Future of Cookie Regulation in India

By Sohini Banerjee and KS Roshan Menon Despite their innocuous associations, internet cookies symbolise the power imbalance inherent on the internet. Moreover, they throw up significant privacy concerns that lie at the heart of our digital economy. Recently, European privacy group None of Your Business (‘NOYB’) developed a system to identify websites with unsatisfactory use … Read more

At the intersection of AI and data protection law: automated decision-making rules, a global perspective (CPDP latAm Panel)

By Katerina Demetzou On Thursday, 15th of July 2021, the Future of Privacy Forum (FPF) organised during the CPDP LatAm Conference a panel titled ‘At the Intersection of AI and Data Protection law: Automated Decision Making Rules, a Global Perspective’. The aim of the Panel was to explore how existing data protection laws around the world apply to profiling … Read more

Pegasus: O cavalo de Tróia da segurança cibernética

Programas como este também são conhecidos como malware – instalam-se no dispositivo do alvo e conseguem monitorar atividades ou promover alterações no funcionamento, muitas vezes sem deixar vestígio. By Yasmin Curzi de Mendonça, Julia Iunes Monteiro, Walter Britto Gaspar e Kaline Santos Desenvolvido pela empresa israelense de cibersegurança NSO Group, o spyware “Pegasus” tem sido … Read more

SA’s ICT sector urgently needs a backbone

By Charley Lewis Payoffs from huge investment required may be slow in coming, but the benefits are undoubtedly worth it The ICT sector is not an overall employment creator on its own, barring a few niche areas. Rather, it acts to displace jobs, shifting the profile of employment away from low-skilled, information-sparse jobs that are … Read more

BRICS Data Protection and Digital Sovereignty Roundtable

The BRICS Data Protection and Digital Sovereignty Conference will take place on 15 July 2021, at 15h/3PM (BRT). The Summit will take place entirely online, during CPDP LatAm which is the Latin-American edition of the Computers, Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP) conference. Check the full program here. This session will discuss some of the studies submitted to the CyberBRICS call for … Read more

“Políticas Digitais no Brasil: Acesso à Internet, Proteção de Dados e Regulação” EBook

Organizado por Luca Belli e Bruno Ramos Este volume é o resultado de uma parceria entre a Escola de Direito da Fundação Getulio Vargas do Rio de Janeiro (FGV DIREITO RIO) e a União Internacional das Telecomunicações (UIT). As reflexões incluídas neste livro foram desenvolvidas por servidores públicos, que participaram do Curso de Políticas Digitais, … Read more

Accountability and Transparency in practice: necessary improvements to the 2630/2020 Bill

By Yasmin Curzi de Mendonça, Clara Leitão e Almeida, Henrique Torres, Leandro Rabelo e Raphael Santana Following international trends in digital platform regulation ­– especially in online content moderation – legislative proposals have emerged in Brazil seeking to increase platforms’ accountability and guarantee more rights for the users. The Bill No. 2,630/2020, Platform Accountability and … Read more

The current state of the Draft Bill to counter Fake News in Brazil

By Julia Iunes and Natália Macedo The current state of the Draft Bill to implement the “Law on Liberty, Responsibility and Transparency for the Internet” in Brazil: It is essential to improve the procedural duties of digital platforms, while respecting the liability regime adopted by the Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet (Marco Civil … Read more

Legal Intersections between the Protection of Personal Information Act 4 of 2013 (POPIA) and the Cyber Crimes Act 19 of 2020

By Sizwe Snail The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) describes new ways in which we introduce and use technology into our societies (e.g. the use of cyber systems, artificial intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology). The increased internet activity on social networks, e-governance and commercial services, and the Internet of Things (IOT) has amplified the vulnerability of both … Read more

Second EU-Brazil Conference on Digital Economy and Innovation

At the time of the Portuguese Presidency of the Council of the EU, the “Second EU-Brazil Conference on Digital Economy and Innovation: Connectivity and New Digital Infrastructures” aims at identifying areas for stakeholder cooperation between the EU and Brazil, regarding digital trade and emerging technologies. Participants will explore key issues such as new digital infrastructures, 5G, the Internet of Things and its applications, … Read more

Cyber resilience in Indian Financial Services is the Need of the Hour

By Sohini Banerjee and K.S. Roshan Menon Abstract The World Economic Forum’s 2021 report on global risks featured cyber threats as among the most significant risks to society and the economy. At the outset, it is worth noting two key factors at play. First, the financial services sector has been a prime target for threat … Read more

Innovation entanglement at three South African tech hubs

By Lucienne Abrahams Abstract This study explores innovation modalities at three South African tech hubs: Bandwidth Barn Khayelitsha and Workshop 17 in Cape Town, and the Tshimologong Digital Innovation Precinct in Johannesburg. The study finds that tech start-ups’ ability to scale is generally enhanced by their participation in the hubs. Furthermore, it is found that … Read more

Digital Transformation and Cybersecurity in the BRICS Countries

May 14th | 10h – 12h (BRT) This upcoming webinar will bring together guest speakers and CyberBRICS scholars and fellows to debate the most recent developments in Digital Transformation and Cybersecurity in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries. If you’d like to check out past CyberBRICS webinars, take a look at our YouTube channel. The … Read more

Eduardo Mattos

CyberBRICS Assistant Researcher. Graduate student in International Relations at UFRJ. Researcher at Laboratório de Estudos de Mídia e Relações Internacionais, focusing on the intersections between culture, media, and IR. Former exchange student at the Universidad de Santiago de Chile (2020) through the ESCALA Exchange Programme of the Asociación de Universidades Grupo Montevideo. Former participant of the extension project “CCS em Faces” at the Centro de Ciências da Saúde/UFRJ. 

Artificial Intelligence in Brazil still needs a strategy

By Walter B. Gaspar and Yasmin Curzi de Mendonça, Researchers at CTS/FGV Law School This is an abridged version. Download a full version of this analysis report here. Anyone who takes the time to read the recently published Brazilian Artificial Intelligence Strategy (EBIA) will not be able to get a very concrete idea of what … Read more

The right to be forgotten is not compatible with the Brazilian Constitution. Or is it?

By Luca Belli The Brazilian Supreme Federal Court, or “STF” in its Brazilian acronym, recently took a landmark decision concerning the right to be forgotten (RTBF), finding that it is incompatible with the Brazilian Constitution. This attracted international attention to Brazil for a topic quite distant than the sadly frequent environmental, health, and political crises. … Read more

Russia: New Law requires express consent for making personal data available to the public and for any subsequent dissemination

By Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna and Regina Iminova Amendments to the Russian general data protection law (Federal Law No. 152-FZ on Personal Data) adopted at the end of 2020 enter into force today (Monday, March 1st), with some of them having the effective date postponed until July 1st. The changes are part of a legislative package that is … Read more

The Digital State Conference / Conférence L’État Digital

Digital State Conference | Conférénce L'État Digital

Conférence en ligne organisée par le Centre de droit public comparé de l’Université Paris 2 et le Centre de Technologie et Société de l’École de Droit de la Fondation Getulio Vargas * Interventions données en anglais [times are in GMT+1] Lundi 22 mars 13h00 | Ouverture: Sérgio Guerra, Doyen de l’École de Droit de Fondation Getulio … Read more

First EU-Brazil Conference on Digital Economy and Innovation

Watch the full event recording: At the time of the Portuguese Presidency of the Council of the EU, the webinar aims at identifying areas for cooperation between the EU and Brazil, regarding digital trade and emerging technologies. Participants will explore key issues such as new digital infrastructures, 5G, cybersecurity, personal data protection, data-driven technologies, the … Read more

Cybersecurity and Digital Sovereignty in the BRICS Countries Webinar

This webinar explored some key features of the Cybersecurity frameworks of the BRICS countries, their visions of digital sovereignty and the role of the BRICS grouping in fostering an alternative way of tackling such issues. The webinar also were the occasion to launch the book “CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity Regulations in the BRICS Countries” (Springer-Nature, 2021), which … Read more

Notes From a Foreign Field: The European Court of Human Rights on Russia’s Website Blocking

By Gurshabad Grover and Anna Liz Thomas From PUBG to TikTok, online services are regularly blocked in India under an opaque censorship regime flowing from section 69A of the Information Technology (IT) Act. Russia happens to have a very similar online content blocking regime, parts and processes of which were recently challenged in the European … Read more

WhatsApp’s New Rules: Time to Recognize the Real Cost of “Free” Apps

By Luca Belli and Nicolo Zingales Recently, WhatsApp pushed an in-app notification requesting users to accept its new privacy policy by February 8, 2021. Before publicly changing its position and postponing the deadline to May 15 in reaction to public backlash, the company announced that anyone who did not accept the new rules would have … Read more

The largest personal data leakage in Brazilian history

Unsplash/Rozan Naufal. Some rights reserved.

Why the rest of the world should be worried, and think hard about how to create a data protection culture. By Luca Belli In Brazil, like in most all low-income countries with relevant population, enormous personal databases are created with little or very poor attention paid to cybersecurity and data protection concerns. On 20 January, the largest … Read more

A conversation on AI activism

By Smriti Parsheera and Sarayu Natarajan In the latest edition of the ACM Interactions Magazine, CyberBRICS Fellow Smriti Parsheera and Sarayu Natarajan, Founder of Aapti Institute, bring up some conceptual and practical concerns for AI activism, particularly from an Indian perspective. They reason that despite its ‘artificial’ nature, AI happens to be a deeply human subject with humans … Read more

Municipal Data Governance: An Analysis of Brazilian and European Practices

By Luca Belli, Danilo Doneda Abstract* Over the last decade, the “Smart City” formula has become a true marketing mantra, gaining momentum not only in the business environment, but also in academic circles and among policymakers. The formula is utilised to describe cities that, on the one hand, are increasingly penetrated and ubiquitously monitored by information and … Read more

Concepts of the digital society: Cybersecurity

By Michael Veale and Ian Brown Abstract Cybersecurity covers the broad range of technical and social issues that must be considered to protect networked information systems. The importance of the concept has increased as so many government, business, and day-to-day activities globally have moved online. It has been increasingly referred to in both academic and mainstream publications … Read more

BRICS Digital Policies: Digital Governance Webinar

The BRICS Digital Policies Update brings together CyberBRICS scholars and fellows to debate the most recent updates on Digital Policies in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries.This third edition of the update will revolve around digital governance following three recent and important events – the United Nations Internet Governance Forum, the … Read more

Resumo do CyberBRICS no Internet Governance Forum 2020

A 15ª edição do Encontro Anual do Internet Governance Forum, organizado pela ONU, teve seu início na última semana. Por conta da pandemia de COVID-19, o evento está ocorrendo de forma totalmente on-line, desenvolvendo-se em torno de quatro nichos principais: dados, meio ambiente, inclusão e confiança. Os pré-eventos do IGF 2020, incluindo sessões para iniciantes, … Read more

Internet Governance Forum Summary 2020

In early November, the 15th edition of the United Nations Internet Governance Forum (IGF), took place entirely online, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The IGF agenda was structured  around four main themes: data, environment, inclusion and trust. The CyberBRICS team members participated to the development of two outcome documents of the IGF 2020 and spoke … Read more

Data Protection in the BRICS Countries: Enhanced Cooperation and Convergence towards Legal Interoperability

By Luca Belli This paper stems from the research elaborated by CyberBRICS project, which is the first attempt to produce comparative analyses of digital policies in the BRICS countries – namely, Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The project is hosted by Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School, Rio de Janeiro, and developed in … Read more

[Call for Papers] Digital Sovereignty in the BRICS Countries: Data, Infrastructure, and Services

Call for Papers Digital Sovereignty in the BRICS Countries: Data, Infrastructure, and Services Background on the CyberBRICS Project: The CyberBRICS project has a triple aim: to map existing regulations; to identify best practices; and develop policy suggestions in the areas of cybersecurity governance, Internet access and digitalisation of public services in the BRICS countries (Brazil, … Read more

“The Value of Internet Openness in Times of Crisis” eBook

This volume explores “The Value of Internet Openness in Times of Crisis” and is the official outcome of the Coalitions on Net Neutrality and on Community Connectivity of the United Nations Internet Governance Forum. This work stems from the consideration that the COVID-19 pandemic has harshly highlighted the fundamental importance of Internet access, and the … Read more

A extensão do prazo de patentes e o combate à Covid-19

A infeliz interseção entre uma crise aguda e uma estrutura desequilibrada Publicado originalmente no Jota Por Alan Rossi Silva, Walter Britto Gaspar e Pedro Villardi Depois de meses de pandemia, já não há qualquer dúvida de que a Covid-19 pode ser considerada a maior crise sanitária do último século. Mesmo com todos os problemas de … Read more

Report of the Presidential Commission on the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Report of the Presidential Commission on the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Published by The Presidency, Republic of South Africa Foreword We are extremely proud of the tremendous strides South Africa has made over the past twenty-five years in the post-apartheid era. We have overcome many challenges through the enduring and innovative South African spirit. Now, we are facing a global phenomenon known as the Fourth Industrial … Read more

Internet Commons Forum 2020

The Internet Commons Forum will take place during the UN Internet Governance Forum, on Wednesday, 4 November, 2020, from 16:00 to 17:40 (UTC). To participate, please register to the UN Internet Governance Forum and add the ICF to your personal calendar using the link on the top right corner of this page. The Internet Commons Forum (ICF) is jointly organised by FGV, … Read more

CyberBRICS at IGF 2020

The Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) will be hosted by the United Nations, under the overarching theme Internet for human resilience and solidarity. Due to the pandemic, the full event will take place online. The programme develops around the four main thematic tracks: (1) Data; (2) Environment; (3) Inclusion; (4) Trust. … Read more

BRICS Digital Policies: Data Governance Update Webinar

The BRICS Digital Policies webinar is organized by the CyberBRICS project ( It brings together CyberBRICS Associate Scholars and Research Fellows to discuss relevant developments regarding digital policies in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries. The project analyses in particular the areas of cybersecurity, data protection, Internet access and digital infrastructures, … Read more

Anya Orlova

Anya Orlova – CyberBRICS

CyberBRICS Fellow. Anya holds a Masters degree in psychology and sociology. Her recent work has been at the intersection of academic research and volunteering in various digital activism and advocacy projects, with a focus on community connectivity. She joined the Brazilian Association of Digital Radio (ABRADIG) as an associate in 2017, and started working as its communications manager in 2018. Previously, Anna collaborated with the Amazon Digital HF Radio Network/Fonias Jurua academic research project at UNESP University, Brazil, as an external researcher and project coordinator.

“COVID-19 Global Insights” e-book

covid global insights ebook

Disponibilizamos o e-book “COVID-19 Global Insights” completo para download. O livro tem como coordenador Claudio Lucena (CyberBRICS Associated Scholar) e conta com 28 capítulos divididos em duas partes: a primeira fala sobre as políticas digitais e coronavírus em um espectro global; a segunda, foca nas questões de privacidade e proteção de dados no Brasil durante … Read more

South African use of technology during COVID-19

By Varsha Sewlal Introduction The scale of the COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the need to act expediently to contain the spread of the virus. Most governments have resorted to utilising technology driven solutions such as location tools on android and smart phones, cell phone tower signals, global position systems, Wi-Fi signals and Bluetooth technology. Contact … Read more

The technical components of interoperability as a tool for competition regulation

By Ian Brown Abstract The first paper in this series, Interoperability as a tool for competition regulation, focused on policy issues. This second paper looks at the technical details and requirements of interoperability in practice. The third paper will analyse the impact of interoperability on phenomena such as disinformation and privacy (preliminarily covered in the … Read more

United Nations Internet Governance Forum Webinar

IGF intersessional work now and in the future: Best Practice Forums and Dynamic Coalitions. On September 23, at 12:00 (Universal Time UTC), will happen the United Nations Internet Governance Forum Webinar. Our Director Professor Luca Belli will join the debate on “IGF Strategy and strengthening in 2020”. You’re invited to join the Zoom meeting: … Read more

Data sovereignty, of whom? Limits and suitability of sovereignty frameworks for data in India

By Anya Kovacs Abstract: Sovereignty is seeing renewed relevance in the age of data in India as it has become the framework of choice in a number of data governance proposals by the Indian government. To understand the scope, import and consequences of these reassertions of sovereignty, however, it is important to unpack the nature … Read more

Cybersecurity Perspectives in the Current and the Post-Pandemic Context Webinar

On August 25, the Cyber​​Security Perspectives in the Current and in the Post-Pandemic Context Webinar took place, organized by IPEA (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada, in portuguese). The event was attended by Luca Belli (CyberBRICS Coordinator). The material used in the presentation will be available at the end of this publication. Check the complete schedule:August … Read more

Webinar Perspectivas da Segurança Cibernética no Contexto Atual e na Pós-pandemia

No dia 25 de agosto, ocorreu o Webinar Perspectivas da Segurança Cibernética no Contexto Atual e na Pós-pandemia, organizado pelo IPEA (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada). O evento contou com a participação de Luca Belli (Coordenador CyberBRICS). O material utilizado na apresentação estará disponibilizado ao final dessa publicação. Confira a programação completa: 25/08, 15h às … Read more

BRICS Digital Policies Webinar

On September 10th at 10AM (GMT-3 / Rio Time), the first BRICS Digital Policies Webinar will take place on-line. The main topics discussed by participants include cybersecurity, fake news, digital yuan, LGPD (Brazilian General Data Protection Regulation).The event will be attended by CyberBRICS Coordinator Luca Belli and CyberBRICS Fellows Aaron Martin, Larissa Magalhães, Senka Hadzic, … Read more

Analysis of India’s Aarogya Setu app

By Smriti Parsheera, Nikhil Narendran, Swati Muthukumar and Aparajita Lath[1] Aarogya Setu, which translates to mean ‘health bridge’, is a mobile application that was launched by the Indian government in April, 2020. The purpose of the app is to carry out self assessment of one’s health status, contact tracing and provide health related information. The … Read more

Brazilian Data Protection under Covid-19: Legal Certainty is the Main Casualty

By Luca Belli and Nicolo Zingales On 14 August 2018, Brazil adopted its new General Data Protection Law, n° 13.709/2018, better known under its Portuguese acronym “LGPD” (Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais). Hailed as a legislative milestone for Brazil, the law was predestined to stir controversy since its approval. The very ample margin for … Read more

Interoperability as a tool for competition regulation

IInteroperability as a tool for competition regulation

By Ian Brown Abstract This briefing paper on interoperability as a pro-competition policy tool is based on a synthesis of recent comprehensive policy reviews of digital competition in major economies, and related academic literature, focusing on areas of emerging consensus while noting important disagreements. It draws particularly on the Vestager, Furman and Stigler reviews and … Read more

Seminário On-line Sobre Cooperação Internacional Contra Covid-19

No dia 21 de julho ocorreu o Seminário Webinar sobre Cooperação Internacional Contra Covid-19, que contou com as participações de Luca Belli (Diretor do CyberBRICS e Professor da da FGV Direito Rio), Sérgio Gusmão Suchodolski (Presidente do Banco de Desenvolvimento de Minas Gerais e Membro do Board do CyberBRICS), Thomas Law (Presidente da Ibrachina), Cassio … Read more

A Brief Prehistory of China’s Social Credit System

By Min Jiang University of North Carolina (UNC) at Charlotte & CyberBRICS Visiting Professor Abstract This article situates China’s social credit system (SCS) in a historical perspective by exploring its antecedents. The historical roots of the SCS can be found in personnel archives for officials during imperial times, the Dang’an (personnel dossier) system under Communist … Read more

Remove misinformation, but be transparent, please!

By Torsha Sarkar Introduction We are living through, to put it mildly, strange times. The ongoing pandemic has pinballed into a humanitarian crisis, revealing and deepening the severe class inequalities that exist today. The crisis has been exacerbated by an ‘infodemic’, as the World Health Organization (WHO) notes: a massive abundance of information – occasionally … Read more

A Landmark Ruling in Brazil: Paving the Way for Considering Data Protection as an Autonomous Fundamental Right

By Bruno Ricardo Bioni and Renato Leite Monteiro A historic ruling of the Brazilian Supreme Court from May 07, 2020 describes the right to data protection as an autonomous right stemming from the Brazilian Constitution. By a significant majority, 10 votes to 1, the Court halted the effectiveness of the Presidential Executive Order (MP[1] 954/2020) that mandated … Read more

[BigDataSur-COVID] A pandemia e a nova ordem sociodigital no Sul Global: o caso de São Paulo

Also available in English O que acontece quando a cidade digital encontra desastres e pandemias em grande escala como o COVID-19? Este artigo analisa o caso de São Paulo, Brasil, para ilustrar como a pandemia contribui para enfatizar um amplo espectro de desigualdades. Na maior metrópole da América Latina, a população experimenta com uma forte disparidade de … Read more

[BigDataSur-COVID] The pandemic and the new socio-digital order in the Global South: the case of São Paulo

What happens when the digital city encounters large-scale disasters and pandemics like COVID-19? This article analyzes the case of São Paulo, Brazil, to illustrate how the pandemic contributes to emphasize a broad spectrum of inequalities. In the largest metropolis in Latin America, the population lives with a strong disparity of socioeconomic and cultural conditions, at … Read more

DataGovHub Webinar: What Can we Learn From Brazil and China’s Approach to Personal Data Protection?

The Digital Trade & Data Governance Hub’s fifth webinar took place on 15 May 2020 and featured Luca Belli (Ph.D.) Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where he heads the CyberBRICS project and Min Jiang (Ph.D.) Associate Professor of Communication at UNC Charlotte, … Read more

Russia during COVID-19: information warfare, digital passes and digital protest

By Anna Orlova and Andrey Shcherbovich Since March 2020, Russia has been suspected of information warfare, that is, proactive state propaganda and dissemination of the so-called “fake news”, in response to the coronavirus crisis. This information war aims to diminish and downplay the current state of coronavirus pandemic in Russia. Russia and China, in particular, were … Read more

Innovative spectrum approaches for Internet Openness in South Africa

By Dr Senka Hadzic, Pablo Aguera e Dr Alison Gillwald South Africa’s failure to release high demand spectrum for over a decade has been cited by operators and analysts not only as a factor contributing to the high cost of mobile data in the country, as operators deploy 4G services in suboptimal bands, but also as a … Read more

Net neutrality in India: ensuring openness amidst the crisis

By Smriti Parsheera In the previous post we traced India’s journey down the net neutrality road, starting from the framing of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)’s discriminatory tariff regulation in 2016 to the present debate on creation of an advisory multi-stakeholder body. Our focus here is to discuss the ways in India’s net neutrality rules … Read more

Net neutrality in India: from rules to enforcement

By Smriti Parsheera Policymakers in India have acknowledged that non-discriminatory treatment of content, or, in other words, maintenance of network neutrality, constitutes an essential feature of having an open Internet. This post focuses on the development of India’s net neutrality framework, tracing the steps that have been taken so far and the questions that lie … Read more

COVID-19 Makes Internet Access and Openness an Absolute Priority

By Luca Belli The COVID-19 pandemic has harshly highlighted the fundamental importance of Internet access, and the total exclusion that the unconnected face in times of crises. For some of us, our new routine comprises of e-learning, telemedicine, online meetings, and using e-commerce and delivery apps for our essentials. This is only possible if we … Read more

How the Kerala-Sprinklr controversy represents the gaps in India’s Data Protection Framework

By Aman Nair Introduction As COVID-19 continues to be the primary problem facing the globe, there has been a scramble among policymakers to try and utilise the latest technology in any way possible so as to contain the pandemic. Contact tracing and data analysis have become the norm, with apps to that effectbeing implemented world … Read more

A Covid-19 torna o acesso à Internet um direito fundamental

Por Luca Belli Exclusão social para os desconectados e conjuntura perfeita de fake news para os parcialmente conectados. Teletrabalho em home office, aulas online, entregas por meio de aplicativos, notícias e diversões em streaming. Por causa da pandemia de Covid-19, essa se tornou nossa nova rotina. Sob a condição de se ter acesso à Internet. … Read more

Data protection frameworks emerging in the BRICS countries

By Luca Belli The members of the so-called BRICS grouping (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) have realized that digital transformation is an essential element for the future of their economies and societies. In this perspective, data protection becomes a key priority to foster thriving digital environments, where individuals enjoy protections and businesses benefit from legal … Read more

‘Digital sovereignty’: can Russia cut off its Internet from the rest of the world?

By Francesca Musiani, Benjamin Loveluck, Françoise Daucé, Ksenia Ermoshina Texte intégral en française The Internet infrastructure is based on the principle of the internationalisation of equipment and data and information flows. Elements of the Internet with a geographic location in national territories need physical and information resources hosted in other territories to be able to … Read more

Proteção de dados à deriva: o difícil equilíbrio entre controle e privacidade

Photo by engin akyurt on Unsplash

By Walter Gaspar Levantamento recente identificou novas medidas de rastreamento digital em 20 países após o início da pandemia de covid-19. A implementação de soluções tecnológicas para o combate ao seu avanço tem colocado em evidência uma controvérsia aguda envolvendo controle estatal, privacidade e proteção de dados. Não que o assunto não fosse discutido antes. Mas, … Read more

Exploring Multistakeholder Internet Governance: Towards the Identification of a Model Advisory Body on Internet Policy

By Luca Belli, Diego Canabarro, Judith Herzog, Richard Hill, Carlos A. Afonso, and Stefano Trumpy Introduction Over the past thirty years, the Internet has penetrated all aspects of our lives and, as connected individuals, we are now reliant on connectivity for an increasing number of aspects of our daily routine. The preservation of Internet’s essential … Read more

Why should we care about takedown timeframes?

Why should we care about takedown timeframes?

By Torsha Sarkar (CyberBRICS Associated Scholar) Introduction Since the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) proposed the draft amendments to the intermediary liability guidelines in December of 2018, speculations regarding their potential effects have been numerous. These have included, mapping the  requirement of traceability of originators vis-a-vis chilling effect on free speech online, or … Read more

Migrating Servers, Elusive Users: Reconfigurations of the Russian Internet in the Post-Snowden

By Ksenia Ermoshina and Francesca Musiani (CyberBRICS Associated Scholar) Abstract In response to the growing censorship of their national Internet, Russian users, content producers and service providers have developed several resistance tactics. This paper analyzes these tactics with particular attention paid to their materiality. It first addresses the different levels of Internet “governance by infrastructure” … Read more

Antitrust and Restrictions on Privacy in the Digital Economy

ntitrust and Restrictions on Privacy in the Digital Economy

By Nicholas Economides and Ioannis Lianos (CyberBRICS Associated Scholar) Abstract We present a model of a market failure based on a requirement provision by digital platforms in the acquisition of personal information from users of other products/services. We establish the economic harm from the market failure and the requirement using traditional antitrust methodology. Eliminating the … Read more

Aaron Martin

Aaron Martin

CyberBRICS Fellow. Aaron Martin is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Tilburg Law School. Prior to joining the law school, he worked in the financial services sector in the area of cybersecurity and technology regulation. He has also worked in tech policy roles at the OECD, European Commission, and Vodafone Group. He is an Oxford Martin Associate at the Global Cyber Security Capacity Centre and has a PhD in Information Systems and Innovation from the London School of Economics and Political Science. His personal website is:

Wei Wang

Wei Wang

CyberBRICS Fellow. Wayne Wei Wang is now a PhD Candidate in Computational Legal Studies at the University of Hong Kong. Trained in Engineering and Law, Wayne focuses his research interests on IP & IT Law, Innovation Policy, particularly by means of data science methods. He engages as an Administrative Officer for Creative Commons Hong Kong Chapter. Wayne (has) held the fellowship of DERN/GSAN Resilience Scholar at University of Essex, funded by Global Challenges Research Fund of UK Research and Innovation. As Research Sprint Fellow at the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG) in Berlin, Wayne has been participating in the interdisciplinary scientific project – “Ethics of Digitalisation”, launched by the President of Germany and conducted by Global Network of Internet and Society Research Centers.

Prior to his PhD studies, Wayne recently completed the WIPO/QUT LLM in Intellectual Property with Dean’s Scholarship in Australia and worked as Data Analyst of IP litigations at a legal tech start-up in Shenzhen as well as Research Associate at Law and Technology Centre, HKU. He also received BEng, LLB and MPhil from Huazhong University of Science and Technology (China).

Smriti Parsheera

CyberBRICS Fellow. Smriti Parsheera is a Fellow at the National Institute of Public Finance & Policy, New Delhi, where she focuses on technology policy research. Her areas of interest include privacy and digital rights, regulatory governance and competition policy. She is one of the authors of the book “Responsible AI: A Global Policy Framework”.    She has previously worked as a member of the research secretariat for the Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission and held research positions with the Competition Commission of India and the United Nations Development Programme.   Smriti graduated from the National Law School of India University, Bangalore and obtained her LLM from the University of Pennsylvania along with a Certificate in Law and Business from the Wharton School. She is currently pursuing a PhD in policy studies from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

Senka Hadzic

CyberBRICS Fellow. Dr Senka Hadzic is a Senior Fellow at Research ICT Africa, where she was a Ford/Media Democracy Fund Tech Exchange fellow from 2018-2019 working on alternative spectrum policies to enable small scale operators and community networks. She is also affiliated with the ICT for Development Centre at the University of Cape Town where she was a postdoctoral fellow from 2016-2018. Her expertise is in low cost connectivity solutions in the Global South. In early 2020 she was awarded the Digital Futures fellowship from Hivos to research ownership models and sustainability of community networks. Dr Hadzic completed her PhD in Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering at the University of Aveiro (Portugal) in early 2014 and since then she has been working at the intersection of technology, design and policy.

Larissa Galdino

CyberBRICS Fellow. Larissa is Ph.D. in Political Science at the State University of Campinas, and analyzed the open government in the city of São Paulo. She was a researcher under the International Affairs Canada Award scholarship to participate in the Future Leaders in the Americas Program (“PFLA”), while she started to get interested working in the analyzing public policy development rooted in technology and data. Larissa became a member of the Social Science and Humanities Council of Canada and a young professional, an intern at Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at Getúlio Vargas Foundation (“FGV”) in the School of Social Sciences. Also, she is Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Global Cities Program at the Institute of Advanced Studies, University of São Paulo (“USP”).

Larissa accumulated activities as a visiting researcher at the Université de Montréal, postdoctoral fellowship in Political Sociology about the Rio Doce Basin Rehabilitation and Environmental Disasters, a fellow of the Organization of American States’ Cyber South School on Internet Governance. Plus, she published three chapters of international books, six publications and made more than 16 presentations and international conferences. Currently, she is researching data governance ecosystems, smart cities, socio-digital inequalities, and computational social sciences.

Content takedown and users’ rights

Content takedown and users’ rights

By Gurshabad Grover and Torsha Sarkar AST year, several Jio users from different states reported that sites like Indian Kanoon, Reddit and Telegram were inaccessible through their connections. While attempting to access the website, the users were presented with a notice that the websites were blocked on orders from the Department of Telecommunications (DoT). When contacted by the … Read more

CPDP 2020: watch the session “Data Protection Regulators in the BRICS”

From the 22nd to the 24th of January, the 13th Conference on Computers, Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP) took place in Brussels, Belgium. The CPDP is a non-profit platform was founded in 2007 by research groups from the Vrije University in Brussels, the University of Namur and the University of Tilburg. As a world-leading multidisciplinary … Read more

CPDP 2020: confira a sessão “Data Protection Regulators in the BRICS”

Entre os dias 22 e 24 de janeiro, ocorreu a 13ª Computers, Privacy e Data Protection conference (CPDP) em Bruxelas, na Bélgica. A CPDP é uma plataforma sem fins lucrativos fundada originalmente em 2007 por grupos de pesquisa da Universidade Vrije de Bruxelas, da Universidade de Namur e da Universidade de Tilburg. A conferência tem … Read more

Democracy Under The Influence: Paradigms of State Responsibility for Cyber Influence Operations on Elections

Democracy Under The Influence: Paradigms of State Responsibility for Cyber Influence Operations on Elections

By Barrie Sander Abstract Ever since allegations arose of Russian meddling in the 2016 United States presidential election, cyber influence operations have garnered worldwide attention. This article examines the different options available under international law for holding States responsible for cyber influence operations on elections. To this end, the article first elaborates a typology of … Read more


CPDP LatAm is the Latin-American platform to discuss privacy, data protection and technology. It includes the Latin-American edition of Computers, Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP) conference, the MyData conference, and Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC). Due to the ongoing Covid19 pandemic, the 1st CPDP Latam has been postponed and will take place on June 2021 in Rio de … Read more

The beginnings of the Great Firewall of India?

By Nikhil Pahwa The unintended consequence of the Supreme Court’s order on Internet Shutdowns in Kashmir — where it put down accountability norms for Internet shutdowns, and said that some essential websites should be accessible, is that it has given rise to the creation of the Great Indian Firewall: filters that control what users can and cannot … Read more

Regulatory governance under the PDP Bill: a powerful ship with an unchecked captain?

Medianama CyberBRICS India PDP Bill

By Smriti Parsheera “I prefer to sail in a bad ship with a good captain rather than sail in a good ship with a bad captain.”— Mehmet Murat ildan If the ship here is a metaphor for the rights and obligations offered by the draft Personal Data Protection Bill (PDP Bill) and the Data Protection … Read more

CyberBRICS Session at 13th CPDP Conference

CPDP Conference 2020

Data Protection Regulations in the BRICS On 23 January, at 16:00 Brussels time, the CyberBRICS project will organize the session Data Protection Regulations in the BRICS, at the Computer Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP) conference. The session will offer the occasion to release the BRICS Data Protection Map, together with pre-book-launch brochure of CyberBRICS: Mapping … Read more

Don’t believe the hype? Recent 3D printing developments for law and society

Recent 3D printing developments for law and society Angela Daly Article

By Angela Daly Introduction: This chapter is intended as a follow-up to my monograph, Socio-Legal Aspects of the 3D Printing Revolution, published in mid-2016.1 Much of the research and writing for that work had been completed by late 2015 and so I was unable to take account of certain developments subsequent to that time, which, … Read more

4IR in South Africa is too important to remain the domain of the elite

By Alison Gillwald The digital inequality paradox is arguably the biggest policy challenge for SA, and, as yet, it is not addressed through the discourse of 4IR Since Klaus Schwab of the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) announcement in 2016 of the impending Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) in his book of the same title, SA has … Read more

Carolina Telles

CyberBRICS Researcher. Carolina Telles is a graduate student in Journalism at the School of Communication of the of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (ECO/UFRJ). In 2018, participated in the research project “Power, money and technical progress”, studying global value chains, at the UFRJ Economics Institute (IE/UFRJ). Formerly researcher at the museum Casa da Ciência da UFRJ (2019), developing studies in science communication. Currently researcher of the CyberBRICS project, at Centro de Tecnologia e Sociedade/FGV and writer at the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (ABC).

Walter B. Gaspar

Walter Britto Gaspar
Walter Britto Gaspar

CyberBRICS Manager. Lawyer, graduated Law at FGV in 2015. Master in Public Health from UERJ (2017), studying the interface between innovation, intellectual property and access to medicines policies in Brazil. Grantee of the Fundación Botín Programme for the Public Interest in Latin America (2013). Researcher in the Fiocruz and Shuttleworth Foundation project on intellectual property and access to medicines (2017). National Coordinator of the NGO Universities Allied for Essential Medicines (2013-2016). Certified Graphic Designer from the Istituto Europeo di Design (2018). Author of “O que é Creative Commons? Novos modelos de direito autoral em um mundo mais criativo“. Currently, researcher in the CyberBRICS project at FGV’s Center for Technology and Society.

[Entrevista] Leilão do 5G precisa de mais debate, diz Luca Belli

Professor Luca Belli

Não precisa haver pressa para definir logo o edital do leilão do 5G, avalia o doutor em Direito Público Luca Belli, professor de Governança e Regulação da Internet da FGV Direito Rio. Na opinião dele, não é negativo o adiamento aprovado em reunião tensa do Conselho Diretor da Anatel na quinta-feira passada, 12. Isso porque, … Read more

Internet Governance Forum 2019 Summary

On November 25-29, the Internet Governance Forum 2019 was held in Berlin, Germany, bringing together multiple stakeholders to discuss public policies and digital rights. Professor Luca Belli, coordinator of CyberBRICS Project, Ivar Hartmann, coordinator at Centro de Tecnologia e Sociedade (CTS/FGV) and Yasmin Curzi, researcher at CTS/FGV attended several sessions, sharing their opinions and discussing the latest results of their research.  The CyberBRICS Twitter Account (@BricsCyber) was recognised as one … Read more

China-Brazil Internet Governance Seminar

The event received the pre-launch of CyberBRICS' "Mapping cybersecurity frameworks in the BRICS" book as well as the Chinese Internet Governance Blue Book

On December 10th, FGV Law School (DIREITO RIO) and the CyberBRICS project organized the first  “China-Brazil Internet Governance Seminar” in partnership with the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) and the Chinese Academy of Cyberspace Studies (CACS). The event was attended by the Chinese Vice Minister of Cyberspace, Mr. Sheng Ronghua, and the chairman of the … Read more

Seminário China-Brasil de Governança da Internet

The event received the pre-launch of CyberBRICS' "Mapping cybersecurity frameworks in the BRICS" book as well as the Chinese Internet Governance Blue Book

No dia 10 de dezembro, foi realizado na FGV Direito Rio o Seminário China-Brasil de Governança da Internet, em parceria com a Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) e da Chinese Academy of Cyberspace Studies (CACS). O evento, organizado no âmbito do projeto CyberBRICS, contou com a presença de importantes palestrantes, como o vice-ministro chinês de … Read more

[Evento] Seminário Sino-Brasileiro sobre Governança na Internet

A Escola de Direito da Fundação Getúlio Vargas e o projeto CyberBRICS convidam para o seminário sino-brasileiro sobre governança na Internet, que ocorrerá na terça-feira, dia 10 de dezembro, e será organizado em parceria com a Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) e da Chinese Academy of Cyberspace Studies (CACS). No evento serão abordados temas sobre … Read more

[Event] China-Brazil Internet Governance Seminar

The Rio de Janeiro Law School of Fundação Getúlio Vargas (DIREITO RIO) and CyberBRICS Project invite to the China-Brazil Internet Governance Seminar, organized in partnership with the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) and the Chinese Academy of Cyberspace Studies (CACS). The event will take place on Tuesday, December 10th, and will discuss Internet regulation, cybersecurity … Read more

Da forma à substância no direito à proteção de dados pessoais, parte II

Por Walter Britto Gaspar MyData e sistemas centrados no usuário: o fundamento jurídico O MyData é um movimento baseado no ideal de um sistema de intermediação de dados pessoais centrado no usuário. Ser centrado no usuário significa abordar as relações entre o titular dos dados e terceiros sob uma perspectiva de administração do consentimento centrada no ser … Read more

Da forma à substância no direito à proteção de dados pessoais, parte I

Por Walter Britto Gaspar Um laço conecta muitas das aplicações de novas técnicas e tecnologias que vêm transformando profundamente todos os campos da atividade humana: a fundamentação necessária na maior quantidade possível de dados. De redes neurais treinadas para identificar melanomas a partir de centenas de milhares de fotografias a caminhos inovadores de compreensão automatizada de escrita, a … Read more

BRICS countries to build digital sovereignty

By Luca Belli Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are home to 3.2 billion people, 42% of the world’s population. In effect, these countries hold 42% of one of the most valuable resources on the planet: personal data. BRICS countries are not only increasingly aware that they are the main data producers, they also increasingly … Read more

[Evento] III Seminário do BRICS sobre Governança 2019

Na segunda-feira, dia 28/10, ocorreu no Rio de Janeiro o III Seminário do BRICS sobre Governança, com tema Innovative Governance for Economic Growth in the New Era. O evento, exclusivo para 200 convidados, foi organizado pela ACCWS (China), FGV Direito Rio e o CEM-FGV e teve como anfitriões o Ministério da Economia do Brasil/SECEX e … Read more

[Event] BRICS Think Tank International Symposium

On September 13, 2019, Professor Luca Belli participated to the 2019 BRICS Think Tank International Symposium, organized by the China Council for BRICS Think-tank Cooperation, the Center for BRICS Studies, FDDI, Fudan University and the São Paulo State University. Luca Belli discussed Personal Data Regulations in the BRICS countries, based on the early findings of … Read more

[Event] Internet Commons Forum

The Internet Governance Forum 2019 (IGF) is going to happen in Berlin, Germany, on Nov 25-29, bringing together multiple stakeholders to discuss public policies and digital rights. One of our six sessions will be about the Internet Commons Forum, which is going to happen on the Pre-Event on November 25 at 15:40. The Internet Commons … Read more

Reflecting on Chinese Artificial Intelligence and National Responsible Innovation

By Wei Wang This is a short piece relating to the modern history and current situation of China’s AI policies. It arises from the report co-authored with the colleagues having talked in the CUHK Law Global Governance of AI and Ethics workshop, 20-21 June 2019. But it is also a supplementary piece adding some comments … Read more

Digital Era Competition BRICS Report

Coordinated by Ioannis Lianos and Alexey Ivanov, with contributions by Nicolo Zingales We are happy to present the Draft BRICS academic report on Digital Era Competition Law: A BRICS Perspective. The report engages with one of the most crucial questions of our time, the public governance of the digital economy, in particular focusing on the … Read more

Personal Data in India: anonymise and forget

By Sohini Chatterjee Recent developments have indicated the government’s plan to intensify existing efforts towards an open data ecosystem. Most recently, the Economic Survey 2018-19 has considered the establishment of a central welfare database of citizens to integrate fragmented data about all Indians. For example, such a database may consolidate a citizen’s land title records, … Read more

Call for Applications | CyberBRICS Fellowship Programme

Logo: CyberBRICS | by Britto.Design

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS  Fellows in Rio  CyberBRICS Fellowship Programme  Hosted by FGV Rio de Janeiro Law School – FGV DIREITO RIO  Deadline for applications: 10 November 2019 Fundação Getulio Vargas[a]FGV is a world-renowned institution of research and quality education. In 2018, FGV was deemed as one of the top 10 think tanks in the world, … Read more

Seminário CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity, Data Protection and The Digital Future of The BRICS

Seminar CyberBRICS

No dia 04/06 realizamos o evento “CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity, Data Protection and The Digital Future of The BRICS”. O evento buscou promover respostas aos desafios relacionados à regulamentação de dados pessoais e à governança de cibersegurança, fornecendo insights valiosos sobre as políticas digitais do BRICS, que possam ser usados por pesquisadores, reguladores e empresas. Foi possível … Read more

Seminar CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity, data protection and the digital future of the BRICS

Seminar CyberBRICS

On June 4, 2019 we held the event “CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity, Data Protection and The Digital Future of The BRICS”. The event sought to promote responses to the challenges related to personal data regulation and cybersecurity governance by providing valuable insights into BRICS digital policies that can be used by researchers, regulators and companies. It was … Read more

Cidades inteligentes, dados pessoais e direitos dos cidadãos no Brasil

Por Danilo Doneda e Diego Machado (Versão em inglês aqui) Dentre as diversas proposições conceituais de cidades inteligentes (smart cities), percebe-se que a “inteligência” (smartness) não se resume ao uso e aplicações de tecnologias da informação e da comunicação para tratamento de dados. Há quem entenda, de forma mais ampla, que o uso das tecnologias … Read more

Sovereign Internet Law signed by the President of Russia

By Dr. Andrey Shcherbovich, CyberBRICS fellow and Simon Granberg and Angelo de Carvalho Gomes, FGV students (See russian version here) On 1 May 2019, the Russian President signed the “digital sovereignty law”, which has the purpose to establish autonomous Internet control systems and thereby create the possibility to separate a Russian intranet from the global Internet. … Read more

Закон о «суверенном Интернете» подписан Президентом России

Андрей Щербович, Щербович Андрей Андреевич , исследователь CyberBRICS, Саймон Гранберг и Анжело де Карвальо Гомес, студенты FGV 1 мая 2019 года президент России подписал Закон о «суверенном Интернете», целью которого является создание автономных систем управления Интернетом и тем самым возможное создание отдельной внутренней сети, изолированной от глобальной сети Интернет. Закон вызвал негативный общественный резонанс, так, … Read more

Россия принимает новые меры против “фейковых новостей” и онлайн-оскорблений

Щербович Андрей Андреевич, кандидат юридических наук Два резонансных закона в сфере регулирования отношений в Интернете подписаны Президентом России 18 марта: закон о “фейковых новостях” и о запрете оскорбления власти в Интернете. 18 марта Президент России Владимир Путин подписал изменения в ряд законов, под угрозой административного наказания запрещающие распространение в Интернете информации, подрывающей престиж власти, а … Read more

Information rights in a data age: insights from the International Conference of Information Commissioners #ICIC2019

By Anri van der Spuy & Alison Gillwald On the plane back from the recent International Conference of Information Commissioners (ICIC), an inflight magazine proudly presents an advertisement for the African Union’s common, electronic, biometric passport. While the passport is reportedly being developed to ‘facilitate free movement of persons across Africa’,[i] the advert neglects to … Read more

A emergente estrutura brasileira de proteção de dados

Por Daniel Oppermann Segundo estatísticas do IBGE, cerca de 70% da população brasileira a partir de 10 anos de idade está usando a Internet. Estes 181 milhões de pessoas não estão somente comunicando, trabalhando, estudando, comprando e especialmente se divertindo no ambiente online. Eles também estão deixando dados pessoais, como número de telefone,  imagens e … Read more

Проект закона об автономной работе российского сегмента Интернета принят Государственной Думой РФ в первом чтении

State Duma plenary session

Щербович Андрей Андреевич, кандидат юридических наук Государственная Дума в первом чтении проняла закон «суверенности» Интернета в России. За документ проголосовали 334 депутата, против – 47. При этом данный законопроект вызывает критику у  представителей частного сектора, гражданского общества и даже у Счетной палаты (орган парламентского контроля Российской Федерации), ведь реализация нового законопроекта может потребовать от бюджета … Read more

CyberBRICS: Building the Next Generation Internet, STEP by Step

The 12th annual meeting of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) took place between 18 and 21 December 2017 at the United Nations Office at Geneva

This workshop of the UN Internet Governance Forum 2017 was the inception meeting of the CyberBRICS project, gathering key stakeholders, including representatives of the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Russian Ministry of Telecommunications, to discuss digital policy trends and priorities in the BRICS. Data protection and cybersecurity, which are the current focus of … Read more

Luca Belli

Luca Belli | CyberBRICS

Director of CyberBRICS. Luca Belli, PhD, is Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School, where he heads the CyberBRICS project, and associated researcher at Centre de Droit Public Comparé of Paris 2 University. Luca is also Member of the Board of the Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI), Director of CPDP LatAm and member of the CPDP Programme committee.

Before joining FGV, Luca worked as an agent for the Council of Europe Internet Governance Unit and served as a Network Neutrality Expert for the Council of Europe. Over the past decade, Luca has authored and edited more than 30 research outputs in English, French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish, amongst which “De la gouvernance à la régulation de l’Internet” (Berger-Levrault, 2016); the “Net Neutrality Compendium” (Springer, 2016); “Platform Regulations: How Platforms are Regulated and How They Regulate Us” (FGV, 2017) and “Gobernanza y Regulaciones de Internet en América Latina” (FGV, 2018); the “Community Network Manual” (FGV-ITU-ISOC, 2018); and “CyberBRICS: Cybersecurity Regulations in the BRICS Countries” (Springer-Nature 2021).

Luca’s works have been i.a. quoted by the Organization of American States Report on Freedom of Expression and the Internet (2013); used by the CoE to elaborate the Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers on Network Neutrality (2016); featured in the French Telecoms Regulator (ARCEP) Report on the State of the Internet (2018); used by the Brazilian Telecom Regulator (ANATEL) to define community networks (2020); and published or quoted by various media outlets, and published or quoted by various media outlets, including The Economist, Financial Times, Forbes, Le Monde, BBC, The Hill, China Today, O Globo, El Pais, and La Stampa.

Luca can be found on LinkedIn and on Twitter

A list of Luca’s publications can be found at

Ian Brown

Ian Brown
Ian Brown
Ian Brown

CyberBRICS Visiting Professor. Ian Brown is Senior Fellow with Research ICT Africa’s Digital Policy Programme, where he is researching cyber-security, data protection, and human rights policy in Africa. He was previously Principal Scientific Officer at the UK government’s Department for Digital Culture, Media and Sport; Professor of Information Security and Privacy at the University of Oxford; and a Knowledge Exchange Fellow with the Commonwealth Secretariat and UK National Crime Agency. His academic publications include Regulating Code (2013, MIT Press, with Christopher T. Marsden) and Research Handbook on Governance of the Internet (2013, Edward Elgar).

Andrey A. Shcherbovich

Andrey Shcherbovich

CyberBRICS Visiting Professor. Andrey A. Shcherbovich is Associate professor at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Faculty of Law (Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law), in Moscow, Russia. His professional Interests include Internet Governance; Constitutional Law; Human Rights; International Public Law and Procedure; Information Law; International Organizations; United Nations.

Andrey graduated from the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Faculty of Law (Department of International Law) in 2008 and completed Postgraduate studies at the National Research University – Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia); Faculty of Law (Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law) at 2011.

Daniel Oppermann

Daniel Oppermann is a research coordinator for the International Relations Research Center at the University of São Paulo (NUPRI-USP)
Daniel Oppermann is a research coordinator for the International Relations Research Center at the University of São Paulo (NUPRI-USP)

Daniel Oppermann is a research coordinator for the International Relations Research Center at the University of São Paulo (NUPRI-USP). Daniel studied Political Science at the Free University of Berlin (FUB) and holds a PhD in International Relations from the University of Brasília (UnB). He was a postdoctoral researcher in International Political Economy at the Institute of Economy at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (IE-UFRJ) and a researcher at Observatório Político Sul-Americano at the State University of Rio de Janeiro (OPSA-UERJ). Daniel was a member of the Steering Committee of GigaNet, the Global Internet Governance Academic Network, and Chair of Program Committee for the annual GigaNet symposium. Daniel is a member of the Board of Directors of the Brazilian Internet Association Abranet and has worked as an international representative for a European Internet company in Brazil.

Sagwadi Mabunda

Sagwadi Mabunda | CyberBRICS Non-Resident Fellow
Sagwadi Mabunda | CyberBRICS Non-Resident Fellow
Sagwadi Mabunda | CyberBRICS Non-Resident Fellow

CyberBRICS Non-Resident Fellow.

Sagwadi Mabunda is a PhD Candidate at the University of the Western Cape. Her Doctoral thesis investigates the legislative responses of Cybercrime by analysing and critiquing the South African Cybercrimes Bill. She is a prolific speaker who has presented papers in a numerous conferences both in South Africa and internationally (Italy, Germany, Namibia and Botswana). She has published a number papers on her research interests which include Cybercrime and economic crimes such as International Anti-Money Laundering Law and International Anti-Corruption Law.

She has been invited to be a guest lecturer at the University of the Western Cape on the topic of Cyber Money Laundering. She has also successfully organised the first Economic Crime and Cybercrime Conference (ECCC) hosted at the University of the Western Cape in collaboration with the Journal of Anti-Corruption Law (JACL).

In 2018 at age 25, Sagwadi was honoured as one of Mail & Guardian’s 200 Young South Africans.

Anja Kovacs

Anja Kovacs | CyberbRICS Non-Resident Fellow
Anja Kovacs | CyberbRICS Non-Resident Fellow
Anja Kovacs | CyberbRICS Non-Resident Fellow

CyberBRICS Non-resident Fellow.

Dr. Anja Kovacs directs the Internet Democracy Project in India, which works towards an Internet that supports freedom of expression, democracy and social justice, in India and beyond. Her research currently focuses on questions regarding cybersecurity, surveillance and privacy, and regarding freedom of expression, including work on gender, surveillance, bodies and dataveillance and gender and online abuse.

She has also worked as an international consultant on Internet issues, including for the Independent Commission on Multilateralism, the United Nations Development Programme Asia Pacific, and the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression. She has lectured at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK, and Ambedkar University, Delhi, India, as well as having been a Fellow at the Centre for Internet and Society in Bangalore, India, and has conducted extensive fieldwork throughout South Asia. Dr. Kovacs obtained her PhD in Development Studies from the University of East Anglia in the UK.

Min Jiang

CyberBRICS Visiting Professor. Min Jiang (Ph.D.) is Associate Professor of Communication at UNC Charlotte, a secretariat member of the annual international Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC) and Associate Editor at Sage journal Communication & The Public.

Her research focuses on Chinese Internet technologies (search engine, social media, big data), politics (digital activism, online political satire, diplomacy), business (Chinese Internet giants, business ethics), and policies (real name registration, privacy).

She has co-edited 3 special journal issues and published over 30 journal articles and book chapters on the Chinese Internet, some of which have appeared in Journal of Communication, New Media & Society, Information, Communication & Society, International Journal of Communication, International Communication Gazette, and Policy & Internet. Media outlets including Reuters, Deutsche Welle, Foreign Policy, Financial Times, The New Scientist, The Chronicle of Higher Education, Al Jazeera English have interviewed her for her work.

She was born and raised in China. Prior to pursuing her doctor’s degree in the U.S., she had worked at China Central Television (CCTV) and Kill Bill I in her native country China. Dr. Jiang received her bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Beijing Foreign Studies University and her Ph.D. from Purdue University.